The Howy Cost

The Holocaust™ – Organized Jewry’s Psychological Weapon Against Westerners, Particularly Americans

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SYNOPSIS: The purpose of this article is to explain how the “Holocaust” is used as a psychological weapon against the American public and, more broadly, against the greater Western World.  The “Holocaust” is a Psy-op “product” — a product that is branded, packaged, and sold.  What are Jews selling? They are selling so-called “Jewish victimhood” … so-called “Jewish suffering.”

Think of the word “Holocaust” as a marketing brand. It is an extremely powerful brand because Jews have been promoting it via their domination of American news media and Hollywood. The end result? A Pavlovian-type response from John/Jane Q. Citizen when he/she hears the word “Holocaust.” A person simply says the word “Holocaust” and the average American experiences an emotion of sadness/horror and, “… oh those poooooor poooooor Jews and those evil, horrible Nazis…. terrible… just terrible… the horror of it all.” If that’s how you feel when you hear the word “Holocaust” then you have been conditioned due to a lifetime of watching American TV/film/etc (which is Jewish dominated).

John/Jane Q. Citizen’s emotion-laden response is the primary purpose and goal of a decades-long, Jewish driven “Holocaust” campaign. This campaign went into overdrive in August 1971 (NOTE: It started during the Nuremberg Trials following WWII but was radically accelerated in 1971). Incidentally, prior to 1971, the actual word “Holocaust” wasn’t a word any American had ever heard of. The word “Holocaust” came out of a focus group meeting at the Jewish Documentation Center in Vienna, Austria. The goal was to brand this particular WWII event (i.e., that which involved Jews, camps, etc) and ultimately cause a Pavlovian-type response when a person simply heard the word “Holocaust.”

They chose “Holocaust” because they felt it was both memorable and descriptive. Further, they made sure it was always spelled with a capital “H” to elevate its “importance.” Next, the Jewish Documentation Center and later the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles endlessly promoted the “Holocaust” brand to the public in conjunction with their brethren in Jewish-dominated Hollywood.

So what’s this all about? Basically, Jews want you to feel sorry for them. Why? Because any group of people viewed as “victims” tend to be allowed much leeway within society. Perceived “victims” get away with doing all kinds of questionable acts (simply consider what Israel gets away with) because of human tendency to side with the perceived underdog/victim. Hence, most people naturally think, “oh give them a break… haven’t those poor people suffered enough…”.  This tactic works like a charm.

It’s important to grasp this particular Jewish tactic — keep your eyes and ears open for it in your day-to-day life. Once you recognize this tactic in a media story, film, news item, etc you’ll have begun the process of becoming “awake” (at least with respect to the “Holocaust”).

Let’s look at the actual brand names.  There’s the main brand, Holocaust™, as well as several (I call them) sub-brands.

Holocaust™ (the all-encompassing brand — the main brand — the ‘top-level’ brand)

And, as just stated, the “Holocaust” is also marketed to the public with many sub-brands which fall into two categories (incidentally, these are repeated so often in the media, they essentially become powerful brands in their own right):

1 – Single words/names ….and

2 – Slogans

Again, I’ll repeat this very important point — think of these additional words/names/slogans as sub-brands since they fall under the all-encompassing brand –> Holocaust™. The most common of the Holocaust™ sub-brands are:

Auschwitz™ (there were many German-run camps and yet we only hear about Auschwitz – this was a deliberate decision by the Jewish propagandists – keep the public focused on a single camp because they’ll remember the name of one camp, but if you throw 20 camps at them, they’ll remember none).

6 Million™ (more like 1 million Jews died of all causes — Jewish deaths resulted from, 1) pro-Soviet Jews fighting as partisans on the Eastern front, 2) massive USAF/RAF carpet bombings of Germany and other Axis targets, and 3) starvation/disease which was rampant in the camps and elsewhere in Europe at the tail end of the war, as nearly everyone, Jews and Gentiles, were starving/dying of disease since Europe was in ruins).

Never Again™ (the implication is that all of humanity must work to protect Jews).

Never Forget™ (the implication is that Jews must be classified as the “ultimate victim group,” thus setting the stage for ongoing monetary restitution and sympathy for Jews).

Oh the horror™ (Jews seem to ‘love’ the word “horror” as its more dramatic sounding than, say, “tragedy” or “abomination”… nearly every Holocaust story will use “horror” to characterize some event of the Holocaust).

Gas Chambers™ (yes, but only for delousing clothes and mattresses; no human was ever gassed to death by the Germans).

Anne Frank™ (they’ve marketed her as a sort of ‘martyr’).

Perished™ (Jews never say “died” when referring to the Holocaust… instead they always use the more dramatic word “perished”).

The Holocaust is the most documented genocide in human history™ (and yet no concrete documentation… FYI: Bad Arolsen’s I.T.S. archive amounts to nothing more than 28MM documents of chaff… it’s nothing more than standard and mundane German records pertaining to all facets of the war).

My whole family was wiped out™ (absurd… they all say this… impossible to check out their stories).

We fled the Nazis in 1933™ (1934, 1935, 36, 37… fill in the year). Jews like the word “fled” because it sounds dramatic – as if Jews were running from SS soldiers shooting at them. In reality, 95% of Jews simply felt the pressure, packed their belongings, bought a train or boat ticket, boarded, and left Germany.

We lived in an attic/cellar/closet/etc for 3 years hiding from the Nazis™ (the odd frequency of such stories combined with their absurdity makes them not believable).

Dr. Mengele™ (one of many doctors at Auschwitz™ and yet seemingly every Jew amazingly had an encounter with him.  Further Dr. Mengele was a hygienist MD who worked at Auschwitz™ to examine inmates for proper hygiene in order to keep them alive).

Angel of Death™ (the moniker of Dr. Mengele – “Angel of Death???” Straight from a Hollywood script writer).

 
As with any business, the “Holocaust” needs a corporate spokesman:
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Elie Wiesel – The “Patron Saint” of the Holocaust™ 
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Further, the Holocaust™  industry has a headquarters facility – The Simon Wiesenthal Center.  The Holocaust™ industry also has a separate facility for marketing operations (and also acting as its flagship indoctrination center) ... The Museum Of Tolerance.

The Simon Wiesenthal Center  1399 Roxbury Drive Los Angeles, CA 90035
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The Museum Of Tolerance (operated by The Simon Wiesenthal Center)
9786 West Pico Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90035

The Simon Wiesenthal Center is the de facto headquarters where Jewish propagandists scheme and strategize on how best to use the so-called “Holocaust” as apsychological weapon against the Western World.  The Simon Wiesenthal Center works closely with their Jewish brethren in Hollywood to flood Western mediawith endless films/TV mini-series’, as well as both print and broadcast “news” items whichperpetuate “Holocaust” dogma.  Holocaust “survivors” on the public school speaking circuit get their talking points (i.e., guidelines) from the Simon Wiesenthal Center.  The objective is to maintain a public perception of Jews being, “the ultimate victim group.”  Incidentally, the two other main “Holocaust” propaganda mills are the ADL offices in New York and Yad Vashem in Israel.

Regarding the Museum Of Tolerance… tolerance???  What “tolerance” have Jews shown the Palestinians in the 65 years after they stole their land?  What “tolerance” have Jews evershown Christians, Muslims, or any Gentile peoples?  Each day, school buses filled with impressionable children visit this “museum” where they are implicitly told that Whites are evil, horrible, racist, enslaving oppressors.  In short, this “museum” indoctrinates school children to hate Whites.  Everything Jews accuse Germans of, Jews are guilty of, whereas Germans are, for all intents and purposes, guilty of none such things.  While Jews will never publicly admit it, they feel superior to all Gentiles (Jews refer to non-Jews as “goy” i.e., cattle).  Jews call themselves “The Chosen People.”  Hence, the corollary is that if you’re not Jewish, you’re not chosen (i.e., you’re “less”).  This mindset is known as Jewish Supremacism.  Take thirty minutes out of your busy life and learn the truth about the holocaust… What Was The Holocaust… What Actually Happened?

Lastly, organized Jewry uses the Holocaust™ as a way to unify all Jewish people.  How???  By constantly reminding Jews of the Holocaust, this embeds a collective victimhood psyche in the mind of each Jew… a victimhood of “epic proportion”(i.e.,  the supposed “6 million” Holocaust victims).  This historical “memory” is generally felt by each and every Jew in the world.  Guilt is placed on the Germans but, even more broadly, guilt is pinned on the whole of the Western World for supposedly “remaining silent while the ‘gas chambers’ were operating around the clock.”  Amazingly, some Jewish “scholars” have even placed the entire world responsible for, “turning a blind eye to this supposed mass genocide of 6 million Jews.”  The end result???  A “us -vs- them” psyche in each and every Jew’s mind (i.e., “we Jews must stick together and be on constant guard against the Gentiles”).  In closing, the unifying use of the “Holocaust” is something which many Jews openly promote – dozens of books by Jewish authors have been published on the topic of the “Holocaust” being a powerful and very effective force toward maintaining cohesion of world Jewry.

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  1. THE JEWISH RABBI WHO CREATED ISLAM

    ISLAM WAS FINANCED & CONTROLLED BY ARABIAN JEWS FROM ITS BEGINNING, TO BUILD AN ARMY TO FIGHT THE ROMAN EMPIRE.

    Intro:

    [ABU BAKR WAS A JEWISH RABBI]

    Rabbi Shallum, son of the then Resh Gelutha, in Babel, perceiving this dreadful predicament, went to Mahomed, and offering him his submission, friendship, and services, endeavoured to enter with him into a friendly compact. Mahomed accepted his proposition with pleasure, conceived a great affection for him, and took his daughter, a handsome young girl ( A 6 YEAR OLD CHILD), for wife; he made him also a general in his army, and gave him the name of Abu Bachr al Chaliva al Zadik, literally:

    The father of the maiden, the descendant of the righteous; this means, that of all his wives, who were either widows or divorced women, this one was the only one who had never been married before, and then she was the granddaughter of the celebrated chief of the captivity; therefore, the descendant of the righteous. This occurrence induced Mahomed to give up his terrible intention to destroy the Jews in his country, and thus did Rabbi Shallum save his people.

    THE BETRAYAL

    [Why Muhammad hated alcohol]

    Abu Bachr and Aliman now resolved among themselves to remove the dangerous enemy of the Jews, Bucheran. One evening Mahomed, Bucheran, Aliman, and Abu Bachr, were drinking together; the latter two soon saw that Mahomed and the astrologer were strongly intoxicated, and lay stretched out in a deep and profound sleep. Abu Bachr thereupon drew the sword of Mahomed from its scabbard, cut off therewith Bucharan’s head, and put the bloody sword back into its receptacle, and both then lay themselves down quietly near Mahomed to sleep. When Mahomed awoke and saw his friend lying decapitated near him, he cried out in a fury: “This terrible deed has been done by one of us three in our drunkenness!” Abu Bachr thereupon said quite unconcernedly: “Let each one draw his sword, and he whose weapon is stained with blood, must needs be the murderer!” They all drew their swords, and that of Mahomed was completely dyed with fresh blood, which proved thus clearly to his satisfaction that he had murdered his friend. He was greatly grieved at this discovery; cursed and condemned the wine which was the cause of this murder, and swore that he never would drink any more, and that also no one should do so who wishes to enter heaven. This is the cause why wine is prohibited to the Mahomedans.

    At a later period, Mahomed learned the whole transaction, and that his father-in-law was the perpetrator of the bloody deed; wherefore, he lost his favour, and he would not permit him to come before him. Abu Bachr went thereupon and conquered sixty places, which had not yet submitted to Mahomed, and presented them to him, through which means he became again reconciled to him, was received in favour, and remained thereafter at court.

    HISTORY OF PALESTINE
    614-1096 C.E.
    From the Accession of the Mahomedans to that of the Europeans.

    By Rabbi Joseph Schwarz, 1850

    From the Accession of the Mahomedans to that of the Europeans.

    In the year 4374* (614) there lived in Medina, in Arabia, Mahomed ibn Abdallah, descended from Keder, son of Ishmael (Genesis. 25:13), who had taken possession of Arabia and the neighbouring countries. Mahomed had two secret counsellors, who assisted him in the construction of his new system of doctrines and belief; these were Allman Mam Ali, of Jewish descent, and Turchman, a Christian; hence it resulted that the Koran contains many rules bearing analogy to Jewish ideas, for they were derived from Mam Ali.

    * It is not easy to give the precise year of the Chadjra (the flight of Mahomed), since all authorities are not agreed in this respect. In general, the year of the text is assumed. In a Hebrew work, out of which I have drawn largely, the year 4384 (621) is given. The Mahomedans reckon this year 5605 (1845) as the 1261st of the Chadjra. If we now calculate their years in general at 355 days, as they have no leap year, we shall have only about 1226 solar years, which would give us the year 4379 (619 of the Christian Era) as the year of the Chadjra.

    Mahomed had an astrologer at his court called Bucheran, who was a very great enemy of the Jews, and urged the prophet constantly to persecute and exterminate them entirely, so that Mahomed at length listened to the proposition, since he had without this already a hatred towards them, because they had not aided him in his campaigns according to his expectation; wherefore the whole Jewish population under his rule, ran great danger of being entirely cut off.

    [Abu Bakr was a Jewish Rabbi]

    Rabbi Shallum, son of the then Resh Gelutha, in Babel, perceiving this dreadful predicament, went to Mahomed, and offering him his submission, friendship, and services, endeavoured to enter with him into a friendly compact. Mahomed accepted his proposition with pleasure, conceived a great affection for him, and took his daughter, a handsome young girl (CHILD, 6 YEARS OLD), for wife; he made him also a general in his army, and gave him the name of Abu Bachr al Chaliva al Zadik, literally: The father of the maiden, the descendant of the righteous; this means, that of all his wives, who were either widows or divorced women, this one was the only one who had never been married before, and then she was the granddaughter of the celebrated chief of the captivity; therefore, the descendant of the righteous. This occurrence induced Mahomed to give up his terrible intention to destroy the Jews in his country, and thus did Rabbi Shallum save his people.

    [Why Muhammad hated alcohol]

    Abu Bachr and Aliman now resolved among themselves to remove the dangerous enemy of the Jews, Bucheran. One evening Mahomed, Bucheran, Aliman, and Abu Bachr, were drinking together; the latter two soon saw that Mahomed and the astrologer were strongly intoxicated, and lay stretched out in a deep and profound sleep. Abu Bachr thereupon drew the sword of Mahomed from its scabbard, cut off therewith Bucharan’s head, and put the bloody sword back into its receptacle, and both then lay themselves down quietly near Mahomed to sleep. When Mahomed awoke and saw his friend lying decapitated near him, he cried out in a fury: “This terrible deed has been done by one of us three in our drunkenness!” Abu Bachr thereupon said quite unconcernedly: “Let each one draw his sword, and he whose weapon is stained with blood, must needs be the murderer!” They all drew their swords, and that of Mahomed was completely dyed with fresh blood, which proved thus clearly to his satisfaction that he had murdered his friend. He was greatly grieved at this discovery; cursed and condemned the wine which was the cause of this murder, and swore that he never would drink any more, and that also no one should do so who wishes to enter heaven. This is the cause why wine is prohibited to the Mahomedans.

    At a later period, Mahomed learned the whole transaction, and that his father-in-law was the perpetrator of the bloody deed; wherefore, he lost his favour, and he would not permit him to come before him. Abu Bachr went thereupon and conquered sixty places, which had not yet submitted to Mahomed, and presented them to him, through which means he became again reconciled to him, was received in favour, and remained thereafter at court.

    Mahomed urged his conquests to the north and west; made war against Heraclius and his son Constantine, captured the country around Antiochia, Armenia, a part of Asia Minor (Anatolia), and Palestine. Jerusalem, however, continued in possession of the Greeks. Mahomed reigned 11 years, and died in 4385 (625); he was succeeded by his father-in-law, Abu Bachr, but he survived him but two years, when he also died.

    In 4387 (627), another father-in-law, Omar ibn Kataf, ascended the throne. In the tenth year of his reign (4397) he appeared before Jerusalem with a large army. He besieged it, and after producing great distress thereby in the city, it surrendered to his arms. He then made a treaty with the Greek inhabitants of the city, that they should pay him a ransom for their lives, and send an annual tribute. He commanded to rebuild the temple, and appropriated several pieces of ground, the proceeds of which were destined to defray the expenses and keep it in repair, which is continued to be done to this day. He built, accordingly, the great Mosque al Sachara [Dome of the Rock], of which I have spoken above. He also conquered the whole country around Damascus and Ispahan, which is a part of Persia.

    Egypt was taken by his general Omar ibn Aleaz, as also the city of Alexandria, where he burnt the celebrated library, through which learned posterity suffered an irreparable loss. This conquest of Egypt put an end to the government of the Mameluks, and it came under the rule of the Califs, and so it remained till the country was conquered by the Tartars in 4502 (742). In 4400 (640), Omar built the present al Mazr and called it Al Kairo, which means, “care, pains, sorrow;” since this building cost him much trouble, care, and labour. In the town of Pastat, the ancient Zoar (for which see the Appendix), he prohibited and prevented a terrible ancient custom, which was prevalent among the Greeks of that place. They used, on the day when the Nile begins to rise, to take a handsome young woman, to dress her in the most costly and brilliant attire, to lead her to the river under accompaniment of music and dancing, and then to throw her into the water; since, according to their opinion, the Nile would, in reward for this beautiful sacrifice, rise higher and higher, and scatter its rich blessings over the land. Omar reigned 15 years.

    In the year 4402 (642), Osman (or Othman) ibn Afan assumed the government. He was a son-in-law of Mahomed. In the year 4406 (646), he took the island of Rhodes, and in 4413 (603) the island of Cyprus, from the Greeks.

    In 4413 (653), the Calif Ali ibn Abu Talbih, also a son-in-law of Mahomed, who had slain his predecessor Osman, succeeded to the throne. The Persians, and many other Mahomedans, regard this Ali also as a prophet, equal to Mahomed. Even at the present day there are two sects of Mahomedans; one is composed of those who only believe in and acknowledge Mahomed as a prophet [Sunni], and the other of those who ascribe the same honour to Ali [Shia]. These two sects always are inimical towards, and persecute each other. In Syria and on the Lebanon there are likewise several Mahomedans who belong to the sect of Ali.–Under him the Mahomedans conquered the whole of Anatolia, and penetrated as far as Africa and Spain. He was succeeded, in 4419 (659), by his son, Calif Chazan ibn Ali.

    Calif Maevia ibn Sefian began his reign in 4434 (674). Under him there were constant wars and contests among the great men of the state, concerning the califate, and it was always doubtful whether he should be able to maintain himself on the throne or not.

    In 4435, Calif Abd al Maleki assumed the government. He made a treaty with the Greek Emperor of Constantinople, Justinian II. He built the city of Ramla, and several other towns in that neighbourhood. The district of Abu Gosh (see above, Kirjath-Jearim), is to this day called Belad Beni Amaleki, perhaps in allusion to this Calif. In his time, in 4459 (699), there ruled in Iraq and Babel yet another Calif, Chadjadj ibn Jusif. Abd al Maleki was succeeded in 4467 (707) by his son, Calif Walid I., ibn Abd al Maleki.

    In 4502 (742), the country was invaded by innumerable hordes of Tartars, from the vicinity of the Caspian Sea. They were called Turkemans ; hence the name of Turks. These conquered the whole of Syria, Cappadocia, and Palestine, and caused everywhere terrible devastations. The Arab Califs made war against them, and drove them out of the country; they, however, came back a third time, as I shall relate hereafter, till at length the Arabs and Turks became united, by the latter assuming the Koran and the Mahomedan religion, and formed, as at this day, but one nation, only that the former are called Arabs or Ishmaelites, and constitute the greater portion of the inhabitants of Palestine; whilst of the others, called Turks, but few are in our country, whereas in Turkey, in Europe, the population is mostly composed of them.

    In 4523 (763), there reigned the Calif Al Mansur, who built Bagdad, the modern Babylon.

    In 4546 (786), the Calif Harun al Rashid (i.e. the just) became ruler, and reigned till 4569 (809). He completed the building of the city of Baghdad, commenced by Al Mansur. In 4557 (797) there arose a terrible war between the Saracens and the Arabic tribes in Palestine, through which means Gaza, Ashkelon, Sarifea צריפין and Beth-Gubrin were entirely destroyed.

    In 4572 (812), the Mahomedans attacked and slew the ecclesiastical chiefs of the Christians in Jerusalem.

    In the year 4573 (813), ruled Calif Almamans ibn Harun, until the year 4603 (843).

    In 4628 (868), there reigned Sultan Ibn Achmad ibn Tulun over Egypt. In that year the Tartaric hordes made another irruption, and conquered Palestine and Egypt. Sultan Ibn Achmad had constant wars with them: he reigned till 4644 (884).

    In 4729 (969), there reigned the Calif Ma’ez, of the Fatimite family. This name was borne by the Califs of Kairuan, a country to the west of Egypt, in the neighbourhood where Carthage formerly stood (see Appendix). He conquered Egypt, Palestine, and Syria, and had his seat in Cairo (Al Mazr).

    Calif Al Chakim, the third of the Fatimite family, became sovereign in the year 4756 (996). He was a great enemy to the Christians, and persecuted them everywhere.

    In the year 4776 (1016), he advanced with a large army against Jerusalem, and drove away the Tartars, who yet occupied the same. He also destroyed totally the church which Constantine had built over the so­called place of Jesus’s sepulchre. His reign extended till 4781 (1021).

    The pilgrims who came from the west (Europe) to Palestine, and beheld these persecutions, painted them in strong and glaring colours on their return to their native countries, and moreover calumniated the Jews, as though these had contributed much to produce the enmity and persecution of the Christians on the part of Al Chakim. These and still other falsehoods and calumnies increased the hatred and the persecution towards the Jews in European countries; and when at a later period the pious crusaders from the west went eastward, to snatch the Holy Land from the power of the Mahomedans, they found ample opportunity to execute a pious and holy vengeance on these poor Israelites, as I shall relate somewhat more circumstantially hereafter.

    In 4781 (1021), his son Calif Dahir ibn Chakim became sovereign. He was a friend to the Christians, and permitted them to rebuild their destroyed church.

    In 4800 (1040), the Tartaric hordes made a third irruption under their leader Seldjuk, who was of the tribe Hildokiao. This chief was uncommonly successful in his conquests: he made war against the Egyptian Calif, and conquered Syria, and Jerusalem with its environs. He bitterly persecuted the Christians in the Holy City, and they had to endure terrible exactions, and were compelled to submit entirely to his arbitrary will.

    In 4859 (1099), the Arabs under the Egyptian Calif again acquired Jerusalem and the surrounding country, and drove the Tartars away from there, and thought themselves secure in possession of the city, when suddenly a new enemy came over them, with whom they had to wage a long and bloody strife. This enemy was the Europeans of the West, who in that very year entered the land of Palestine and conquered it.
    A Short Review Of This Period.

    There exist but few documents concerning the situation of the Jewish literati and literature in Palestine of this period. But at the time of Mahomed, the most distinguished and learned person amongst the Jews, Rabbi Yizchak Ha-Gaon, resided in Babylon. The title of Nahssi had at that time been given up for that of Gaon.

    In 4521 (761), there arose a serious contest in Babylon between the Resh Gelutha, and the celebrated Rab Acha, of Shabecheh, the author of the She’elthoth שאלתות through which cause the latter was not chosen as Gaön, wherefore he quitted Babylon and repaired to Palestine, where he ended his days.

    In 4543 (733), there lived in Beth-Zur, a town not far from Hebron, a man by the name of ‘Anan ענן a scholar of the then Gaon, Rabbi Yehudai, of Babylon. He had observed in his scholar that he had neither affection for, nor faith in our tradition as an exposition of the written law; wherefore he (‘Anan) could not be chosen either as Resh Gelutha or Gaon. He returned, therefore, to his native country, Palestine, and formed a new sect, the leader of which he became, by openly preaching against our system of tradition. The sect of the Sadducees, who only adopted the written law and rejected the tradition, had gradually fallen entirely into decay after the destruction of the temple and Jerusalem, and had become nearly dissolved. But the appearance of ‘Anan gave them new life, and they soon increased and spread extensively in Palestine, Egypt, and North Africa. In Palestine, they had yet another learned chief, Sheich Abu al Ferag, who wrote a work, bearing his own name, concerning the principles of his sect, and which contains much that is absurd and blasphemous. He is the same Abu al Ferag who is frequently mentioned in the Opinions of Maimonides תשובות הרמב״ם. Anan had a wife who was called Al Me’alma, i. e. the learned, the instructress, who was acknowledged chief of his sect after the death of her husband, and was consulted in all cases of doubt; and as everything was decided according to her opinion and practice, it came to be customary to ask among the sect, “How did Al Me’alma on that occasion? or what was her practice in that case?” and every one looked up to her for guidance. When, at a later period, Rabbi Joseph Ben Ali became Nahssi in Africa, he used every effort to suppress this sect in all directions,–so that it was nearly dissolved, and but few vestiges are found thereof at the present time; since all that is left are the few Caraites קראים who only acknowledge the written law, are partly descended from the ancient Sadducees, and are found in several places in Asia and Egypt. We find mentioned in Abn Ezra’s Commentary on the Pentateuch, several ridiculous expositions of many passages of Holy Writ ascribed to a certain Anan; it would, therefore, appear that he also had composed a commentary on the books of Moses.

    In general the situation of the Jews, under the rule of the Mahomedans, was quite favourable, and considerably better than under the Greeks, since the former are naturally more favourably inclined to Judaism;–so that scarcely any persecution took place in this whole period. Only when the Calif Omar ibn Kataf banished, in the year 4398 (638), the Christians from Tiberias, the same fate was soon meted out to the Jews, and they also had to quit this place.

    JEWS FLED TO ARABIA AFTER 70AD

    Long before the Arab conquest, as a British Member of Parliament pointed out in 1939,
    a thousand years before the Prophet Mohammed was born, the Jew, already exiled, sitting by the waters of Babylon, was singing: “If I forget thee O Jerusalem, may my right hand forget its cunning.”1

    The Reverend Parkes says that the theme that “gives to Jewish history characteristics which begin by being unusual and end by being unique” is that “the religion which was developing into a universalistic ethical monotheism never lost its root in The Land.”2
    … Jewry has nowhere established another independent national centre; and, as is natural, the Land of Israel is intertwined far more intimately into the religious and historic memories of the people; for their connection with the country has been of much longer duration — in fact it has been continuous from the 2nd millenium B.C.E. up to modem times…. The Land therefore has provided an emotional centre which has endured through the whole of their period of “exile”, and has led to constant returns or attempted returns, culminating in our own day in the Zionist Movement.”3

    Israel had already become a nation about 1220 B.C.-nearly two thousand years before the first Arab invasion began.4 The Jews’ persistent presence on the land survived periodic attempts to extinguish them throughout their history. Around the first century,
    Many Diaspora Jews observed the commandments of pilgrimage, and on the High Holidays in Jerusalem one might have met Jews from such different lands as Parthia, Media, Elam, Mesopotamia, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia Minor, I’hrygia, Pamphylia, Cyrene, Crete, Rome and Arabia.5

    By the time of the Roman conquest of Judea the Jews were considered “turbulent and troublesome people to deal with,” according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica,6 when they stubbornly refused to surrender their country to Roman rule.
    The Emperor Hadrian, “determined to stamp out this aggressive Jewish nationalism,” ruled that henceforth Jewish traditions such as circumcision, the Sabbath, reading of the law-in fact, the beliefs of Judaism itself-were illegal and “forbidden.”7 Hadrian was “determined to convert the still half-ruined Jerusalem into a Roman colony.” After the Jews’ Temple was destroyed in A.D. 70, the revolt of Jewish leader Bar Kochba-who had “200,000 men at his command” — recaptured Jerusalem and many “strongholds and villages throughout the country.” The “full-scale country-wide war … raged with fierce bitterness for four years, the Romans having to bring in legion after legion of reinforcements to suppress the insurgents.”8
    Although the Romans ultimately regained political reign, “sacked the city [of Jerusalem] … and expelled the bulk of the Jewish survivors from the country”9 the cost of victory was shattering — “It is said that as many as 580,000 men were slain!” — Romans as well as Jews. It was after the debacle that Hadrian changed the name of the city of Jerusalem to Aelia Capitolina, ordered the building of a temple of Jupiter on the Jewish Temple site and “forbade any Jew, on pain of death, to appear within sight of the city.”10
    But in the same way that the name Judea did not disappear, neither did the Jews abandon their land. A number had obstinately remained, and many others quickly returned to rebuild their world. Some Jews, however, fled the Roman conquest for other points — including Arabia, where they formed some new settlements and in many instances joined Jewish Arabian communities established at the time of release from the captivity in Babylon or existing even before then. Thus evolved the flight of the first “Palestinian” refugees-the Judeans, or Jews.
    THE HAVEN IN ARABIA
    A look at the haven where these “Palestinian” or “Judean” Jewish refugees from the Romans found sanctuary is important to understanding the “heart of the matter” in the Middle East today — the conflict between Arab and Jew. The circumstances of the Arabian Jewish communities in the Arabian Peninsula — both before and after the Arab Conquest-bear importantly upon Arab-Jewish relationships until this day, because the pattern that developed in Arabia established a tradition that has been followed ever since.
    According to Arabist scholar Alfred Guillaume, Jews probably first settled in Arabia in connection with the fall of Samaria in 721 B.C.:
    …it is almost certain that the self-contained Jewish military colony in Aswan and upper Egypt, about which the world knew nothing until a few years ago, was founded just after the fall of Samaria, and consequently it is not impossible that some Jewish settlements in Arabia were due to fugitives fleeing from the old northern capital of the Hebrews.
    Guillaurne is certain that “in the first and second centuries A.D., Arabia offered a near asylum” to the Jews who had been victimized by the “utterly ruthless” Romans.11
    In the Arabian land considered by many to be “purely Arab,” the land which would spawn Islam many centuries later,
    Numbers of Jewish and Christian settlements were established in different parts of Arabia, both spreading Aramaic and Hellenistic culture. The chief southern Arabian Christian centre was in Najran, where a relatively advanced political life was developed. Jews and Judaised Arabs were everywhere, especially in Yathrib, later renamed Medina. They were mainly agriculturists and artisans. Their origin is uncertain and many different theories have been advanced.12

    Although the fact is little recognized, more than one historian has affirmed at the Arab world’s second holiest city, Medina, was one of the allegedly “purely Arab” cities that actually was first settled by Jewish tribes.” Bernard Lewis writes:

    The city of Medina, some 280 miles north of Mecca, had originally been settled by Jewish tribes from the north, especially the Banu Nadir and Banu Quraiza. The comparative richness of the town attracted an infiltration of pagan Arabs who came at first as clients of the Jews and ultimately sucqeeded in dominating them. Medina, or, as it was known before Islam, Yathrib, had no form of stable government at all. The town was tom by the feuds of the rival Arab tribes of Aus and Khazraj, with the Jews maintaining an uneasy balance of power. The latter, engaged mainly in agriculture and handicrafts, were economically and culturally superior to the Arabs, and were consequently disliked…. as soon as the Arabs had attained unity through the agency of Muhammad they attacked and ultimately eliminated the Jews.13
    1. Parkes, Whose Land?, p. 26.
    2. Ibid., p. 10.
    3. J.B. Pritchard, Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1955), p. 378. 20.M. Stem, “The Political and Social History of Judea Under Roman Rule,” in A History of the Jewish People, H.H. Ben-Sasson, ed. (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1976), p. 266.
    4. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th ed. (1911), vol. XX, p. 622.
    5. Ibid., pp. 621-622,
    6. Yigael Yadin, Masada (New York: Random House, 1966), p. 11.
    7. Ibid.
    8. Encyclapaedia Britannica, vol. XX, p. 622.
    9. Alfred Guillaume, Islam (Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1954), pp. 10-11.
    10. Bernard Lewis, The Arabs in History, rev. ed. (New York, Evanston, San Francisco, London: Harper-Colophon Books, 1966), pp. 31-32.
    11. Salo W. Baron, A Social and Religious History of the Jews, 3 vols. (New York:
    Columbia University Press, 1937), 1, pp. 308T
    12. Lewis, Arabs in History, p. 40.
    13. S. Safrai, “The Lands of the Diaspora,” in A History ofthe Jewish People, Ben-Sasson, ed., p. 380.

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